Indicators Of Hyperactivity According To The Age Of The Child

The childhood hyperactivity is one of the most common disorders in childhood. In fact, did you know that 3% of children under 7 years of age suffer from this problem? However, in most cases, hyperactivity usually goes unnoticed during the first stage of life, it is almost always detected after 5 or 6 years of age. Although that does not mean that the child does not present symptoms before, practically from birth.

Hyperactivity usually manifests itself during the first years of life, although it is difficult to recognize it since it is normal for babies to cry continuously or when they learn to walk they want to reach every corner of the house. Furthermore, young children switch toys very easily because they still have a hard time focusing their attention on a single task. However, all these behaviors are normal and are due to your desire to discover the environment.

However, you may suspect hyperactivity when your baby:

  • You have trouble falling asleep and when you do, it is difficult for you to stay asleep for a long time.
  • You move and contract your muscles suddenly while you sleep, this is known as clonic movements.
  • He often wakes up startled as his sleep is shallow.
  • You react too strongly to practically all stimuli, even the most subtle ones.
  • He is frequently irritated for any reason.

From 2 and 3 years old, it is much easier to distinguish the manifestations of hyperactivity in children, especially since behavior problems begin to appear. In addition, at this stage, a new sign appears, impulsiveness, which completely marks the dynamics of family life.

 

The main signs of hyperactivity at this age are:

  • You cannot concentrate on the same task for more than a few minutes.
  • You have trouble finishing the tasks you have started because you get bored with them so easily.
  • Has difficulty following directions and processing information.
  • He has a poor awareness of danger, which is why he usually suffers many accidents.
  • He becomes an impulsive and irritable child with whom it is difficult to relate.

At this time is when many cases of hyperactivity are diagnosed, since it coincides with entering school, a new scenario that demands more concentration and tranquility. At this point, it is apparent to the teacher or caregiver that the child cannot keep calm in class and cannot focus on assignments.

Therefore, the most common signs of hyperactivity at this stage are:

  • He is disobedient and does not comply with the rules of the school and the house.
  • Has trouble adjusting to the school group.
  • He cannot follow instructions in class, or spend a lot of time concentrating on the same task.
  • It is difficult for him to wait his turn and stay calm in his place.
  • He cannot play quietly with the other boys without getting angry.

At 6 years old, it is practically impossible for a hyperactive child to go unnoticed. In fact, most children are diagnosed at this age, which is due to the fact that the manifestations of the disorder worsen and become even more evident. Added to this is a new cause for concern: school failure.

Symptoms of school-age hyperactivity are:

  • You cannot get good grades even if you try hard because you are not concentrating on studying.
  • Act before you speak, and speak before you think.
  • He is very impulsive and active, he can not stay calm for a moment.
  • You have a hard time concentrating on an activity, no matter how interesting it may be.
  • He does not have good friends because he argues frequently and often comes to blows.
How To Educate Children In Values

Education in values ​​is probably the greatest challenge parents have to face. And it is that developing certain values ​​in children is complicated, if you adopt a too rigid posture you run the risk of falling into indoctrination but if you assume a too permissive attitude you give way to relativization and confusion. The key lies in finding a middle ground, in transmitting certain values ​​but, at the same time, developing a critical attitude. How to do it?

Children learn, essentially, by imitation. And until they reach adolescence, their main role model will be their parents. That means that the best way to transmit the values ​​is by putting them into practice, being consistent with what you preach. Children are very sensitive and they notice when we say one thing but do another, they notice when we tell them that they should not lie but then we do it. Therefore, if you want your child to be respectful, responsible and sincere, you should be too.

Educating a child is not like sculpting on a rock, but rather offering them the tools so that the child himself sculpts. This means that you should not instill your scale of values ​​and hope that it is a true reflection but rather stimulate their critical thinking and make them understand why certain behaviors are positive. Do not force him to behave in a certain way because imposed things always generate rejection. Explain why he must assume certain attitudes and try to make him reflect on what is behind each behavior that you want to promote.

One of the biggest mistakes made in values ​​education is to think of values ​​as abstract concepts. If you tell the child that he should be responsible, he may not understand very well what you are referring to. However, everything changes when you land that value and turn it into something personal, an experience that can be felt. Therefore, explain what it means to be responsible in their daily life through actions ranging from making their bed when they wake up to doing their homework when they return from school.

Values ​​have the objective of modulating social relations, they are a set of behaviors and attitudes that society considers desirable for everything to go well. Therefore, a strategy to educate in values ​​consists of making the child put himself in the place of others, especially when he behaves in an inappropriate way. For example, if he has been rude to someone, instead of punishing him, you can ask him to reflect on his behavior, to think about how that person felt and if he would have liked to be in their situation. You must not forget that most children are still very egocentric and have a hard time putting themselves in the other’s shoes.

One of the mistakes that is made when educating in values ​​is to become judges of everything and everyone. However, humility is also a value. Therefore, don’t be afraid to admit your mistakes in front of your child. If you have made a mistake, apologize and try to amend the ruling, that will not make you lose authority but quite the opposite. Take the opportunity to explain that we all make mistakes but that the important thing is to apologize and try to solve the error. In this way you will not only be educating a more humble person but also more self-confident, who will not be afraid of mistakes but will understand them as a part of learning.